Hello, all today we will discuss another career in Infosec i.e. Penetration tester. Penetration testers are also known as hackers or ethical hackers. These professionals identify security vulnerabilities in networks, systems, applications, and hardware by using hacking techniques for assessment purposes.
So let’s look at how one can become a Penetration tester.
How to Become a Penetration tester
1)What do Penetration testers do
Penetration testers are also known as hackers or ethical hackers. These professionals identify security vulnerabilities in networks, systems, applications, and hardware by using hacking techniques for assessment purposes. They focus on understanding the weaknesses and flaws that could expose an organization’s system to malicious attacks and exploits. Their job includes white-hat hacking that involves legally authorized activities by testing the security of computer systems, networks, and infrastructure to discover any software bugs or potential security breaches so that these vulnerabilities can be fixed before hostile parties have an opportunity to exploit them. This allows an organization to have an assurance that their systems are safe from hackers and prevent potential breaches of confidence. Penetration testers are employed by companies, government agencies, law enforcement agencies, and other organizations to detect vulnerabilities in the systems they support, as well as help when security issues arise.
Cybersecurity is a field that can be entered into by any individual who is interested in and willing to do the work demanded of it. The skills you will need to develop include good technical skills, a keen eye for detail, problem-solving abilities, and the ability to think logically. You must be able to maintain confidentiality while working with sensitive information, logical thinking, careful planning, and prioritizing tasks so that all work is carried out at a high standard.
What are the different types of Pen-testing?
There are several different types of penetration testing. Black box testing is used to test the system from the outside, without any prior knowledge of the system or its architecture. White box testing is used to test the system from the inside, with full knowledge of the system and its architecture. Grey box testing is a combination of black and white box testing, where the tester has some prior knowledge of the system but not full knowledge. The tools used in penetration testing vary depending on the type of testing being conducted. Common tools include port scanners, vulnerability scanners, network sniffers, and password crackers. It is important to note that these tools should only be used in a controlled environment and with proper authorization.
What are the certifications available?
A variety of certifications are available to individuals interested in penetration testing. These certifications can be categorized by level of expertise, such as beginner, intermediate, and expert. Beginner certifications are suitable for those new to the field and may include the GIAC Penetration Tester (GPEN) Certification. Intermediate certifications, such as Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) and CompTIA PenTest+, can be beneficial for those with some experience in the field. For seasoned penetration testers, expert-level certifications, like Licensed Penetration Tester Master (LPT) Certification and Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP), can help refresh and expand their knowledge.
How much do penetration testers make?
Penetration testers can expect to earn an average annual salary of $88,545 in 2022, according to Payscale.com, with salaries ranging from $58,000 to $132,000. On average, bonuses, commissions, and profit-sharing add $17,000 to the yearly salary.
Hope you guys find this helpful! I will be adding resources about Pentesting in future blogs.